Dandruff: Shake It All Off

Have you seen white flakes resting on people’s shoulders?

Did you suddenly get itchy scalp after switching your shampoo?

If you answered yes, you are probably familiar with dandruff.

What Exactly is Dandruff?

In its essence, the mild and innocent form of dandruff can be defined as dried dead skin particles separating from the scalp. Often, you can recognize them as they contrast on dark clothing. Sometimes, they are accompanied by itching in different intensities.

The more severe type of dandruff is called seborrheic dermatitis. It entails more redness, big oily scales, and resembles an allergic reaction.

Dandruff is not contagious. It is treatable but could re-appear suddenly beyond your control.

Common Causes

There is no uniform opinion on the sources of dandruff.

Most dermatologists agree that a typical cause is a common fungus, malassezia, which attaches to your scalp. The negative repercussions stem from the fact that it stimulates the production of extra skin cell growth, which takes the expression of dandruff.

If you ever assumed that dandruff is due to poor hygiene, you should re-evaluate. It is true that in some cases, infrequent shampooing turns out to be the culprit. However, in most patients, using the wrong line of products is to be blamed for the uncomfortable condition.

Dandruff has a close correlation to stress. People who are under a lot of pressure in their day to day lives are more prone to experience the white flakes on their shoulders.

Whenever the weather is cold and dry, people’s scalps are more vulnerable. Seasonal dandruff is common and easily preventable with proper moisturizing & protecting the scalp.

How to Eliminate Dandruff?

  • Invest in an Anti-dandruff Shampoo

Make sure that it is clinically approved. If you are doubtful or hesitant, your best bet is to contact a dermatologist.

Follow the instructions on the label precisely as described. For example, some brands recommend leaving the product in for up to five minutes, while others suggest immediate rinse after application. Be careful, as these are crucial to the efficacy of the shampoo’s active ingredients.

You should pay close attention to the condition of your scalp during the treatment stage. If dandruff is persisting or worsening, you should contact a medical specialist.

  • Wash More Often

Tone down on the dry shampoo, as it may be contributing to the dryness of your scalp. Reach out for the specialised shampoo more often. If you are concerned about your locks being negatively affected, only deep clean your scalp, and condition the rest of your hair.

  • Exfoliate

Similarly to dead skin in any other area of your body, ideally you would want to get rid of it first through gentle exfoliation. There are specialized hair treatments, which contain soluble granules to help you remove the excess layers.

  • Hot Oil Follow Up

If you would like to boost the treatment, you could follow up with a hot oil treatment. Make sure that the temperature is not too high, as you do not want to burn your scalp. Coconut oil is a popular choice, as it has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.


Dandruff is unpleasant and often embarrassing. Using adequate hair products and gentle scalp treatments will help you get rid of the unwanted flakes. Remember to check in with a professional, as sometimes what appears to be dandruff may be the predecessor of a more serious skin condition.

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